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After Updating Visual Studio 2019, i'm not able to run the application in iOS, this happen when i try to run from a Windows Computer Linked to a Mac. But when i run the app using Visual Studio for Mac instead of windows, the app run without issues. I updated Visual Studio on Mac and after it tried to start, it told me I need to install Mono and directed me to a web page for that. I installed Mono. Now every time I launch Visual Studio, it just says. Could not launch Visual Studio. This application requires Xamarin.Mac native library side-by-side.

Visual Studio for Mac makes it easy to develop your app's service with its support for the latest ASP.NET Core Web development platform. ASP.NET Core runs on .NET Core, the latest evolution of the .NET Framework and runtime. It's been tuned for fast performance, factored for small install sizes, and reimagined to run on Linux and macOS, as well as Windows.

Installing .NET Core

.NET Core 3.1 is automatically installed when you install Visual Studio for Mac. For more information about versions of .NET Core supported in Visual Studio for Mac, see .NET Core Support.

Creating an ASP.NET Core app in Visual Studio for Mac

Open Visual Studio for Mac. On the Start Screen, select New Project...

This will display the New Project dialog, allowing you to select a template to create your application.

There are a number of projects that will provide you with a pre-built template to start building your ASP.NET Core Application. These are:

  • .NET Core > Empty
  • .NET Core > API
  • .NET Core > Web Application
  • .NET Core > Web Application (Model-View-Controller)
  • .NET Core > Blazor Server App
  • .NET Core > Blazor WebAssembly App

Select the ASP.NET Core Empty Web Application and press Next. Give the Project a Name and press Create. This creates a new ASP.NET Core app. In the solution window's left pane, expand the second arrow and then select Startup.cs. It should look similar to the image below:

The ASP.NET Core Empty template creates a web application with two default files: Program.cs and Startup.cs, which are explained below. It also creates a Dependencies folder, which contains your project's NuGet package dependencies such as ASP.NET Core, the .NET Core framework, and the MSBuild targets that build the project:

Program.cs

Open and inspect the Program.cs file in your project. Notice that several things are happening in the Main method โ€“ the entry into your app:

An ASP.NET Core app creates a web server in its main method by configuring and launching a host via an instance of WebHostBuilder. This builder provides methods to allow the host to be configured. In the template app, the following configurations are used:

  • .UseStartup<Startup>(): Specifies the Startup class.

However, you can also add additional configurations, such as:

  • UseKestrel: Specifies the Kestrel server will be used by the app
  • UseContentRoot(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()): Uses the web project's root folder as the app's content root when the app is started from this folder
  • .UseIISIntegration(): Specifies that the app should work with IIS. To use IIS with ASP.NET Core both UseKestrel and UseIISIntegration need to be specified.

Startup.cs

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The Startup class for your app is specified in the UseStartup() method on the CreateWebHostBuilder. It is in this class that you will specify the request handling pipeline, and where you configure any services.

Open and inspect the Startup.cs file in your project:

This Startup class must always adhere to the following rules:

  • It must always be public
  • It must contain the two public methods: ConfigureServices and Configure

The ConfigureServices method defines the services that will be used by your app.

The Configure allows you to compose your request pipeline using Middleware. These are components used within an ASP.NET application pipeline to handle requests and responses. The HTTP pipeline consists of a number of request delegates, called in sequence. Each delegate can choose to either handle the request itself, or pass it to the next delegate.

You can configure delegates by using the Run,Map, and Use methods on IApplicationBuilder, but the Run method will never call a next delegate and should always be used at the end of your pipeline.

The Configure method of the pre-built template is built to do a few things. First, it configures an exception handling page for use during development. Then, it sends a response to the requesting web page with a simple 'Hello World'.

This simple Hello, World project can run now without any additional code being added. To run the app, you can either select which browser you want to run app the app in using the dropdown right of the Play button, or simply hit the Play (triangular) button to use your default browser:

Visual Studio for Mac uses a random port to launch your web project. To find out what port this is, open the Application Output, which is listed under the View > Other Windows menu. You should find output similar to that shown below:

Once the project is running, your default web browser should launch and connect to the URL listed in the Application Output. Alternatively, you can open any browser of your choice, and enter http://localhost:5000/, replacing the 5000 with the port that Visual Studio output in the Application Output. You should see the text Hello World!:

Adding a Controller

ASP.NET Core Apps use the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern to provide a logical separation of responsibilities for each part of the app. The MVC design pattern consists of the following concepts:

  • Model: A class that represents the data of the app.
  • View: Displays the app's user interface (which is often the model data).
  • Controller: A class which handles browser requests, responds to user input and interaction.

For more information on using MVC, see the Overview of ASP.NET Core MVC guide.

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To add a controller, do the following:

  1. Right-click on the Project name and select Add > New Files. Select General > Empty Class, and enter a controller name:

  2. Add the following code to the new controller:

  3. Add the Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc dependency to the project by right-clicking the Dependency folder, and selecting Add Package....

  4. Use the Search box to browse the NuGet library for Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc, and select Add Package. This may take a few minutes to install and you may be prompted to accept various licenses for the required dependencies:

  5. In the Startup class, remove the app.Run lambda and set the URL routing logic used by MVC to determine which code it should invoke to the following:

    Make sure to remove the app.Run lambda, as this will override the routing logic.

    MVC uses the following format, to determine which code to run:

    /[Controller]/[ActionName]/[Parameters]

    When you add the code snippet above, you are telling the app to default to the HelloWorld Controller, and the Index action method.

  6. Add the services.AddMvc(); call to the ConfigureServices method, as illustrated below:

    You can also pass parameter information from the URL to the controller.

  7. Add another method to your HelloWorldController, as illustrated below:

  8. If you run the app now, it should automatically open your browser:

  9. Try to browse to http://localhost:xxxx/HelloWorld/Xamarin?name=Amy (replacing xxxx with the correct port), you should see the following:

Troubleshooting

If you need to install .NET Core manually on macOS 10.12 (Sierra) and higher, do the following:

  1. Before you start installing .NET Core, ensure that you have updated all OS updates to the latest stable version. You can check this by going to the App Store application, and selecting the Updates tab.

  2. Follow the steps listed on the .NET Core site.

Make sure to complete all steps successfully to ensure that .NET Core is installed successfully.

Summary

This guide gave an introduction to ASP.NET Core. It describes what it is, when to use it, and provided information on using it in Visual Studio for Mac.For more information on the next steps from here, see the following guides:

  • ASP.NET Core docs.
  • Creating Backend Services for Native Mobile Applications, which shows how to build a REST service using ASP.NET Core for a Xamarin.Forms app.
  • ASP.NET Core hands-on lab.

Related Video

Our docs contain a Common questions section as needed for specific topics. We've captured items here that don't fit in the other topics.

If you don't see an answer to your question here, check our previously reported issues on GitHub and our release notes.

What is the difference between Visual Studio Code and Visual Studio IDE?

Visual Studio Code is a streamlined code editor with support for development operations like debugging, task running, and version control. It aims to provide just the tools a developer needs for a quick code-build-debug cycle and leaves more complex workflows to fuller featured IDEs, such as Visual Studio IDE.

Which OSs are supported?

VS Code runs on macOS, Linux, and Windows. See the Requirements documentation for the supported versions. You can find more platform specific details in the Setup overview.

Is VS Code free?

Yes, VS Code is free for private or commercial use. See the product license for details.

How to disable telemetry reporting

VS Code collects usage data and sends it to Microsoft to help improve our products and services. Read our privacy statement and telemetry documentation to learn more.

If you don't want to send usage data to Microsoft, you can set the telemetry.enableTelemetry user setting to false.

From File > Preferences > Settings (macOS: Code > Preferences > Settings), search for telemetry, and uncheck the Telemetry: Enable Telemetry setting. This will silence all telemetry events from VS Code going forward.

Important Notice: VS Code gives you the option to install Microsoft and third party extensions. These extensions may be collecting their own usage data and are not controlled by the telemetry.enableTelemetry setting. Consult the specific extension's documentation to learn about its telemetry reporting.

How to disable experiments

VS Code uses experiments to try out new features or progressively roll them out. Our experimentation framework calls out to a Microsoft-owned service and is therefore disabled when telemetry is disabled. However, if you want to disable experiments regardless of your telemetry preferences, you may set the workbench.enableExperiments user setting to false.

From File > Preferences > Settings (macOS: Code > Preferences > Settings), search for experiments, and uncheck the Workbench: Enable Experiments setting. This will prevent VS Code from calling out to the service and opt out of any ongoing experiments.

How to disable crash reporting

VS Code collects data about any crashes that occur and sends it to Microsoft to help improve our products and services. Read our privacy statement and telemetry documentation to learn more.

If you don't want to send crash data to Microsoft, you can change the enable-crash-reporter runtime argument to false

  • Open the Command Palette (โ‡งโŒ˜P (Windows, Linux Ctrl+Shift+P)).
  • Run the Preferences: Configure Runtime Arguments command.
  • This command will open a argv.json file to configure runtime arguments.
  • Edit 'enable-crash-reporter': false.
  • Restart VS Code.

GDPR and VS Code

Now that the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is in effect, we want to take this opportunity to reiterate that we take privacy very seriously. That's both for Microsoft as a company and specifically within the VS Code team.

To support GDPR:

  • The VS Code product notifies all users that they can opt out of telemetry collection.
  • The team actively reviews and classifies all telemetry sent (documented in our OSS codebase).
  • There are valid data retention policies in place for any data collected, for example crash dumps.

You can learn more about VS Code's GDPR compliance in the telemetry documentation.

What online services does VS Code use?

Beyond crash reporting and telemetry, VS Code uses online services for various other purposes such as downloading product updates, finding, installing, and updating extensions, or providing Natural Language Search within the Settings editor. You can learn more in Managing online services.

You can choose to turn on/off features that use these services. From File > Preferences > Settings (macOS: Code > Preferences > Settings), and type the tag @tag:usesOnlineServices. This will display all settings that control the usage of online services and you can individually switch them on or off.

How do I opt out of VS Code auto-updates?

By default, VS Code is set up to auto-update for macOS and Windows users when we release new updates. If you do not want to get automatic updates, you can set the Update: Mode setting from default to none.

To modify the update mode, go to File > Preferences > Settings (macOS: Code > Preferences > Settings), search for update mode and change the setting to none.

If you use the JSON editor for your settings, add the following line:

You can install a previous release of VS Code by uninstalling your current version and then installing the download provided at the top of a specific release notes page.

Note: On Linux: If the VS Code repository was installed correctly then your system package manager should handle auto-updating in the same way as other packages on the system. See Installing VS Code on Linux.

Opt out of extension updates

By default, VS Code will also auto-update extensions as new versions become available. If you do not want extensions to automatically update, you can clear the Extensions: Auto Update check box in the Settings editor (โŒ˜, (Windows, Linux Ctrl+,)).

If you use the JSON editor to modify your settings, add the following line:

Licensing

Location

You can find the VS Code licenses, third party notices and Chromium Open Source credit list under your VS Code installation location resourcesapp folder. VS Code's ThirdPartyNotices.txt, Chromium's Credits_*.html, and VS Code's English language LICENSE.txt are available under resourcesapp. Localized versions of LICENSE.txt by language ID are under resourcesapplicenses.

Why does Visual Studio Code have a different license than the vscode GitHub repository?

To learn why Visual Studio Code, the product, has a different license than the open-source vscode GitHub repository, see issue #60 for a detailed explanation.

What is the difference between the vscode repository and the Microsoft Visual Studio Code distribution?

The github.com/microsoft/vscode repository (Code - OSS) is where we develop the Visual Studio Code product. Not only do we write code and work on issues there, we also publish our roadmap and monthly iteration and endgame plans. The source code is available to everyone under a standard MIT license.

Visual Studio Code is a distribution of the Code - OSS repository with Microsoft specific customizations (including source code), released under a traditional Microsoft product license.

See the Visual Studio Code and 'Code - OSS' Differences article for more details.

What does 'Built on Open Source' mean?

Microsoft Visual Studio Code is a Microsoft licensed distribution of 'Code - OSS' that includes Microsoft proprietary assets (such as icons) and features (Visual Studio Marketplace integration, small aspects of enabling Remote Development). While these additions make up a very small percentage of the overall distribution code base, it is more accurate to say that Visual Studio Code is 'built' on open source, rather than 'is' open source, because of these differences. More information on what each distribution includes can be found in the Visual Studio Code and 'Code - OSS' Differences article.

How do I find the license for an extension?

Most extensions link to their license on their Marketplace page or in the overview section, when you select an extension in the Extensions view.

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For example:

If you don't find a link to the license, you may find a license in the extension's repository if it is public, or you can contact the extension author through the Q & A section of the Marketplace.

Are all VS Code extensions open source?

Extension authors are free to choose a license that fits their business needs. While many extension authors have opted to release their source code under an open-source license, some extensions like Wallaby.js, Google Cloud Code, and the VS Code Remote Development extensions use proprietary licenses.

At Microsoft, we open source our extensions whenever possible. However, reliance on existing proprietary source code or libraries, source code that crosses into Microsoft licensed tools or services (for example Visual Studio), and business model differences across the entirety of Microsoft will result in some extensions using a proprietary license. You can find a list of Microsoft contributed Visual Studio Code extensions and their licenses in the Microsoft Extension Licenses article.

How do I find the version?

You can find the VS Code version information in the About dialog box.

On macOS, go to Code > About Visual Studio Code.

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On Windows and Linux, go to Help > About.

The VS Code version is the first Version number listed and has the version format 'major.minor.release', for example '1.27.0'.

Previous release versions

You can find links to some release downloads at the top of a version's release notes:

If you need a type of installation not listed there, you can manually download via the following URLs:

Download typeURL
Windows 64 bit System installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-x64/stable
Windows 64 bit User installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-x64-user/stable
Windows 64 bit ziphttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-x64-archive/stable
Windows 64 bit ARM System installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-arm64/stable
Windows 64 bit ARM User installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-arm64-user/stable
Windows 64 bit ARM ziphttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-arm64-archive/stable
Windows 32 bit System installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32/stable
Windows 32 bit User installerhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-user/stable
Windows 32 bit ziphttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/win32-archive/stable
macOShttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/darwin/stable
Linux 64 bithttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-x64/stable
Linux 64 bit debianhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-deb-x64/stable
Linux 64 bit rpmhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-rpm-x64/stable
Linux 64 bit snaphttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-snap-x64/stable
Linux ARMhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-armhf/stable
Linux ARM debianhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-deb-armhf/stable
Linux ARM rpmhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-rpm-armhf/stable
Linux 64 bit ARMhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-arm64/stable
Linux 64 bit ARM debianhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-deb-arm64/stable
Linux 64 bit ARM rpmhttps://update.code.visualstudio.com/{version}/linux-rpm-arm64/stable

Substitute the specific release you want in the {version} placeholder. For example, to download the Linux ARM debian version for 1.50.1, you would use

You can use the version string latest, if you'd like to always download the latest VS Code stable version.

Prerelease versions

Want an early peek at new VS Code features? You can try prerelease versions of VS Code by installing the 'Insiders' build. The Insiders build installs side by side to your stable VS Code install and has isolated settings, configurations, and extensions. The Insiders build is updated nightly so you'll get the latest bug fixes and feature updates from the day before.

To install the Insiders build, go to the Insiders download page.

Where can I find the Visual Studio Code icons?

Are there guidelines for using the icons and names?

You can download the official Visual Studio Code icons and read the usage guidelines at Icons and names usage guidelines.

What is a VS Code 'workspace'?

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A VS Code 'workspace' is usually just your project root folder. VS Code uses the 'workspace' concept in order to scope project configurations such as project-specific settings as well as config files for debugging and tasks. Workspace files are stored at the project root in a .vscode folder. You can also have more than one root folder in a VS Code workspace through a feature called Multi-root workspaces.

You can learn more in the What is a VS Code 'workspace'? article.

Can I run a portable version of VS Code?

Yes, VS Code has a Portable Mode that lets you keep settings and data in the same location as your installation, for example, on a USB drive.

Report an issue with a VS Code extension

For bugs, feature requests or to contact an extension author, you should use the links available in the Visual Studio Code Marketplace or use Help: Report Issue from the Command Palette. However, if there is an issue where an extension does not follow our code of conduct, for example it includes profanity, pornography or presents a risk to the user, then we have an email alias to report the issue. Once the mail is received, our Marketplace team will look into an appropriate course of action, up to and including unpublishing the extension.

VS Code gets unresponsive right after opening a folder

When you open a folder, VS Code will search for typical project files to offer you additional tooling (for example, the solution picker in the Status bar to open a solution). If you open a folder with lots of files, the search can take a large amount of time and CPU resources during which VS Code might be slow to respond. We plan to improve this in the future but for now you can exclude folders from the explorer via the files.exclude setting and they will not be searched for project files:

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How To Install Visual Studio On Mac

VS Code is blank?

The Electron shell used by Visual Studio Code has trouble with some GPU (graphics processing unit) hardware acceleration. If VS Code is displaying a blank (empty) main window, you can try disabling GPU acceleration when launching VS Code by adding the Electron --disable-gpu command-line switch.

Installation appears to be corrupt [Unsupported]

VS Code does a background check to detect if the installation has been changed on disk and if so, you will see the text [Unsupported] in the title bar. This is done since some extensions directly modify (patch) the VS Code product in such a way that is semi-permanent (until the next update) and this can cause hard to reproduce issues. We are not trying to block VS Code patching, but we want to raise awareness that patching VS Code means you are running an unsupported version. Reinstalling VS Code will replace the modified files and silence the warning.

You may also see the [Unsupported] message if VS Code files have been mistakenly quarantined or removed by anti-virus software (see issue #94858 for an example). Check your anti-virus software settings and reinstall VS Code to repair the missing files.

Resolving Shell Environment is Slow (Error, Warning)

This section applies to macOS and Linux environments only.

When VS Code is launched from a terminal (for example, via code .), it has access to environment settings defined in your .bashrc or .zshrc files. This means features like tasks or debug targets also have access to those settings.

However, when launching from your platform's user interface (for example, the VS Code icon in the macOS dock), you normally are not running in the context of a shell and you don't have access to those environment settings. This means that depending on how you launch VS Code, you may not have the same environment.

To work around this, when launched via a UI gesture, VS Code will start a small process to run (or 'resolve') the shell environment defined in your .bashrc or .zshrc files. If your startup file takes a long time to process (more than 3 seconds), you will see the following warning:

Mac visual studio

If, after 10 seconds, the shell environment has still not been resolved, VS Code will abort the 'resolve' process, launch without your shell's environment settings, and you will see the following error:

The easiest way to investigate delays in your startup file is to:

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  • Open your shell's startup file (for example, in VS Code by typing ~/.bashrc or ~/.zshrc in quick open).
  • Selectively comment out potentially long running operations.
  • Save and fully restart VS Code until the warning or error disappears.

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Technical Support

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You can ask questions and search for answers on Stack Overflow and enter issues and feature requests directly in our GitHub repository.

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If you'd like to contact a professional support engineer, you can open a ticket with the Microsoft assisted support team.